From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
DISTIRCT – an auxiliary unit of a municipal (urban) local-government unit created on the basis of the act on municipal self-government (→ municipality’s auxiliary unit). D. is created by the municipality council through adopting a resolution, after consultation with residents or on their initiative. The rules for creating, merging, dividing and abolishing an auxiliary unit are defined in the municipality’s statute. The organisation and scope of activity of the d. is determined by the municipality council in a separate statute, after consultations with residents. In the d. under the statute, subordinate auxiliary units may be set up. The d. statute states the name and area, the rules and mode of election of bodies, organisation and tasks, the scope of tasks transferred by the municipality and the manner of their implementation, the scope and form of control and supervision by the municipality bodies over the activities of the bodies of the d. The resolution-making body in the d. is the → district council, the executive body is the → district board with the → district mayor as its head. The law does not enumerate the tasks and competences of the bodies acting in the d. The tasks result from the definition of the scope of activities of the board and the use of municipal property and the disposal of income from this source, in the scope determined in the statute. The statute determines the scope of activities that the d. authorities can perform independently, within the scope of their property. This provision applies accordingly to a subordinate unit [ B. Marczewska ].
Literature: H. Izdebski, Samorząd terytorialny. Podstawy ustroju i działalności [Local government. The fundamentals of the system and activity], Warszawa 2014 ■ H. Izdebski, M. Kulesza, Administracja publiczna: zagadnienia ogólne [Public administration: general issues], Warszawa 2004.