From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
HOUSING ESTATE – an auxiliary unit in an urban unit of local government – in the city (→ municipality’s auxiliary unit). The city council gives the statute to the h.e., in which it defines name and area, scope of tasks, organisation of bodies of auxiliary units. In the h.e. the resolution-making body is a council of a specified number of members, no more than 21 persons, and the board with a chairman is the executive body. The chairman is entitled, among others, to participate in the work of the municipality council, without the right to vote. The chairman of the board of the h.e. is entitled to an allowance and reimbursement of travel expenses, and this right can be extended to the members of the board of the h.e. The provision in the constitutional law of the local government indicates that it is possible to use the terms → district and housing estate interchangeably. The law does not specify what the difference between them is (nor does it indicate clearly that these units must be separated in the city). With respect to the h.e. the provisions stipulate that a general assembly of residents may constitute the resolution-making body which elects the board (this possibility is not available for a district). The h.e., thus, should not be too big to have a gathering of residents at a common meeting. For this reason, as well as the possibility of appointing a lower unit (within an auxiliary unit), the h.e. can be established as a part of the district (→ municipality’s auxiliary unit) [ M. Sidor ].
Literature: P. Matczak, Rady osiedli: w poszukiwaniu sensu lokalnego działania [Councils of housing estates: in search of the sense of local action], Poznań 2008 ■ M. Sidor, Demokracja lokalna na poziomie jednostek pomocniczych w największych miastach Polski [Local democracy at the level of auxiliary units in major Polish cities], [in:] Demokracja lokalna w państwach Europy [Local democracy in European countries], ed. I. Bokszczanin, A. Mirska, Warszawa 2014.