Obligations of officials

From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej

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OBLIGATIONS OF OFFICIALS – the specificity of work in public administration means that the public administration official is primarily meant to serve the state and the citizen, obey the constitution and other sources of law, and consciously subject oneself to limitations resulting from being a member of the public administration staff (→ public service mission). There are several types of divisions related to o. of public administration officials. The first is the division of responsibilities into the systemic and employees’. The systemic o. include complying with the constitution and other laws, prohibition of being guided by individual or group interests when settling cases, protecting the interests of the state, human and civil rights and rational management of public funds. The employees’ o. include observance of rules of social coexistence, working time, work regulations and order, observance of regulations and rules of occupational health and safety, maintaining professional confidentiality. The second method of division is based on the tasks performed by the public administration officials – thus, we can divide them into general, official and non-official. The general o. include: taking an oath, loyalty, protecting the state interest, rational management of public funds (it concerns material interests, i.e. disbursement of funds in accordance with public purposes and tasks and with economical expenditures), protecting human and citizens’ rights, maintaining impartiality, not being guided by individual or group interests, remaining apolitical, prohibition of strikes. O. associated with holding the office are: devotional service, reliability and disinterestedness, obedience and loyalty, keeping the state and professional secrecy, development of professional knowledge, frugality, moving to another locality or other office (only appointed officials), observance of working time, observing the rules of occupational health and safety. The non-official o. include the o. to dignified behaviour of the official on duty and outside the office [ J. Itrich-Drabarek ].

Literature: J. Itrich-Drabarek, Uwarunkowania, standardy i kierunki zmian służby cywilnej w Polsce na tle europejskim, Warszawa 2010.