From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
PUBLIC GOVERNANCE – the paradigm of deciding on public matters, the essence of which is the cooperation of market economy entities (corporate governance) and civic governance entities (civic governance), as well as public institutions (public governance). P.g. finds application on all levels – from local, through metropolitan, regional to national and global. A characteristic feature is the emphasis on the process of permanent participation in management by entities from the non-public sector as co-decision-makers, but also as contractors of activities. As a result, the task of public authority is to manage networks created by social and private organisations and to create appropriate conditions to facilitate the interaction process. The idea of p.g. is also distinguished by departure from the traditional decision-making mechanisms and the rejection of unilateral, top-down and imperative resolution of problems in favour of consensus, negotiations and consultations. P.g. therefore, consist of: the diversity of institutions, horizontal networks of coordination of collective actions, institutionalised partnership and civic participation (→ social participation, participatory democracy; good governance) [ E. Szulc-Wałecka ].
Literature: R.A. Rhodes, Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflexivity and Accountability, Buckingham 1997 ■ The SAGE handbook of governance, ed. M. Bevir, Berkeley 2011 ■ Współzarządzanie publiczne [Public co-management], ed. S. Mazur, Warszawa 2015.