From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE – the oldest social security branch whose purpose is to guarantee a fair standard of living for citizens. In the past s.a. focused on caring for the poor and then on welfare. S.a. is also an institution part of the state's social policy, which is to enable individuals and families to overcome critical life situations (such as poverty, orphanage, homelessness, disability, addiction, natural disaster). Its purpose is to support individuals and families in satisfying basic needs and to ensure dignified living conditions, followed by self-independence and integration with the environment. There are various forms of s.a. - e.g. payment of benefits, social work, organization of social infrastructure. Non-cash benefits include, for example, food, tickets, health or social insurance contributions, shelter, clothing; and cash benefits include, for example, permanent, periodic, a special-purpose allowance, allowance and loan for economic independence. S.a. is organized by government and self-government administration, in cooperation with non-governmental organizations, the Catholic Church, other churches, natural and legal persons. [P. Hut]
Literature: J. Auleytner, Polityka społeczna w Polsce i w świecie [Social policy in Poland and in the world], Warsaw 2011 ■ Nauka o polityce społecznej. Wybrane problemy teorii i praktyki [Science about social policy. Selected problems of theory and practice], edited by J. Auleytner, Warsaw 1990.