From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
SPECIAL ADMINISTRATION – one of the forms of the → government administration in the field, in a form of a separate administrative apparatus with special competence, which is not subordinate to a formal representative of government administration in a given unit of territorial-administrative division (so-called administrative body with general competence) and local government, which is why it can be characterized as unincorporated administration. The main criterion of separation of s.a. is a clearly defined scope of tasks of expertise and technical character that would be difficult to incorporate within the body with general competence, like for example mining, maritime or customs administration. In literature, one can find opinions that indicate that the motives for creating the special administration result from the willingness to preserve the administrative authority of the clerical apparatus, which, according to the theory of public choice, in order to take care of its own interests, aims at increasing the budget and tasks, which results in the growth of administration [ M. Jęczarek ].
Literature: E. Knosala, Organizacja administracji publicznej: studium z nauki administracji i prawa administracyjnego [The organisation of public administration: a study of administration science and administrative law], Sosnowiec 2005 ■ H. Izdebski, M. Kulesza, Administracja publiczna: zagadnienia ogólne [Public administration: general issues], Warszawa 2004 ■ M. Jełowicki, Organy administracji specjalnej [Special administration bodies], Warszawa 1990.