State security

From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej

STATE SECURITY – refers to the legal and political position of the state as a form of organisation of a society that has a monopoly on creation and implementation of law on a given territory. Therefore, this concept should be considered in legal and functional terms. State of s.s. should be perceived as the possibility of its inviolable survival and free development. This is closely related to the two basic functions of the state: external and internal. In connection with this, we can distinguish two types of s.s.: external and internal. The former is closely related to military threats, intelligence activities of foreign states and conducting foreign policy and maintaining international contacts and relations with other countries and international organisations. In turn, internal s.s. will focus on ensuring security and order for citizens and ensuring constitutional order and stability of state structures. This understanding of the term s.s. has a much narrower scope than national security, as it concerns the proper and safe functioning of the most important institutions and observance of the constitutional order. S.s. can refer to threats of an external and internal nature. Their source may be other countries and international phenomena, such as international terrorism, but also social events (mass strikes) threatening the economic stability of the country and activities directed against the constitutional order. The nature of s.s can be seriously affected by systemic, legal and social factors. It is perceived differently in a democratic state, and quite differently in an authoritarian state, let alone a totalitarian one. [A. Misiuk]

Literature: M. Czuryk, K. Dunaj, M. Karpiuk, K. Prokop, Bezpieczeństwo państwa. Zagadnienia prawne i administracyjne [State security. Legal and administrative issues], Olsztyn 2016.