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EUROPEAN ADMINISTRATION – it is the totality of institutions and bodies (consisting of national and EU components); at the same time, it is a system of complex and interrelated and organisational, competence and procedural links between the EU administration and the administrations of the member states. E.a. is dualistic – it consists of two types of structures: indirect administration (i.e. national administration structures involved in European cooperation) and direct administration (→ EU administration). The E.a. is based on the principle of decentralization, assuming a lack of hierarchical subordination of the national bodies to the Union bodies. Cooperation among the administration bodies of the member states and among the bodies of the E.a. of particular states and the institutions and bodies of the EU is of great importance. Relevant provisions in this area are contained in the EU law. On the basis of the EU Treaty, in accordance with the principle of loyal cooperation, the Union and the member states mutually respect and support each other in carrying out their tasks under the Treaties. Member states should take all general or specific measures necessary to ensure the fulfilment of their obligations under the Treaties or acts of the institutions of the Union [ K. Tomaszewski ].
Literature: Administracja publiczna. Wyzwania w dobie integracji europejskiej [Public administration. Challenges in the era of European integration], ed. J. Czaputowicz, Warszawa 2008. ■ Europeizacja administracji publicznej [Europeanisation of public administration], ed. I. Lipowicz, Warszawa 2008 ■ R. Hauser, A. Wróbel, Z. Niewiadomski, Europeizacja prawa administracyjnego. System Prawa Administracyjnego [Europeanisation of administrative law. System of Administrative Law], vol. 3, Warszawa 2014