Administration of the European Union

From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej

ADMINISTRATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION – intentional activities carried out by the EU institutions, agencies and organisational units in order to implement the provisions of the European Treaties (→ administration). The AEU is based on the same principles as the national administration: the place of national interest is taken over by the interest of the Union, the counterparts of national officials are the EU officials and functionaries (employed on the basis of an employment contract in a form of appointment in the EU institutions and agencies), the place of the national bodies – the EU institutions, the national laws (e.g., the constitution, statutes, ordinances, decrees) – acts of the EU law (e.g., treaties, directives, regulations). Its organisation and operation are based on patterns taken from the administration of the member states. The AEU is not uniform. There are three distinctive types: 1. political a. (the European Council and the Council of the EU), 2. bureaucratic a. (Commission and agencies), 3. official (clerical) a. In the official sense, the EU administration is the European civil service, the official corps recruited in competitions for posts in the EU institutions and agencies by the European Personnel Selection Office. Under the TFEU, the Union’s institutions, bodies and organisational units benefit from the support of an open, efficient and independent European administration when performing their tasks [ K. Tomaszewski ].

Literature: Ch. Groutage, Jak zostać urzędnikiem Unii Europejskiej [How to become an official of the European Union], Warszawa 2008 ■ M. Małecki, K. Tomaszewski, Status urzędnika Unii Europejskiej [Status of an official of the European Union], Warszawa 2005 ■ J. Supernat, Administracja Unii Europejskiej. Zagadnienia wybrane [The European Union administration. Selected issues], Wrocław 2013.