Central Administration

From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej

CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION – term adopted in Polish legal terminology and colloquial language (not in juridical terminology, which figures in legislation) meaning state administration in the subjective and objective approach (→ public administration) covering the whole territory of the Republic of Poland. The code of administrative procedure adopted the collective term "ministers" for the c.a. bodies. This is a different understanding than in some other languages, especially English and French, where c.a. is a synonym for public administration or government administration, and therefore also includes government field administration. Traditionally c.a. distinguishes supreme bodies (Council of Ministers, the President of the Council of Ministers, Ministers leading specific government administration departments, Chairman of the committees within the Council of Ministers; and also President of the Republic of Poland – but only during discussions regarding the status of this authority) and other central authorities, generally referred to as "central offices", that essentially belong to the government administration (except for the Chief Labour Inspector and Inspector General for the Protection Of Personal Data, subject to the Sejm). Since 1992 there is no constitutional basis for the division between supreme bodies and other central bodies, and it is not reflected in legislation, besides the category of central bodies and government administration offices - this category is very varied and encompasses such different organizational units as the Office of Electronic Communications, Central Statistical Office, Directorate of National Roads and Motorways and General Police Headquarters of Poland or Central Anticorruption Bureau. (→ state administration; government administration) [H. Izdebski] Literature: Prawo administracyjne. Pojęcia, instytucje, zasady w teorii i w orzecznictwie, red. M. Stahl, Warszawa 2016.