Crisis management organisation
From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
CRISIS MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION – a system of institutions implementing tasks in the field of → crisis management (c.m.), based on the administrative division of the state (the principle of primacy of the territorial system) and the involvement of the entire public administration (the principle of universality). The organisational structure of c.m. is designated by the bodies responsible for the implementation of c.m. tasks in a specific territory. These include: 1. the Council of Ministers – the state, 2. voivode – voivodship, 3. starost – county, 4. village mayor, mayor, president of the city – municipality. Apart from the Council of Ministers, the listed bodies have a one-person character (the principle of the primacy of one-person management). The services of c.m. authorities, including the implementation of their tasks, are managed by the following organisational units (according to the distinguished levels: state, voivodship, county, municipality): 1. the Government Centre for Security (GCS), 2. organisational unit competent in c.m. at the voivodship office, 3. county joint administration and organisational units, 4. organisational unit of the municipality/city office competent in matters of c.m. Additionally, there are advisory bodies for consultative and advisory purposes that operate with the c.m. bodies: 1. Governmental Crisis Management Team, 2. voivodship c.m. team, 3. county c.m. team (problematic legal status, e.g., lack of the term “body”), 4. municipal c.m. team. C.m. bodies have c.m. centres which are are organisational units of an “on-duty” nature, dealing with the flow of information for the needs of c.m.: 1. GCS, 2. voivodship c.m. centre, 3. county c.m. centre, 4. municipal/city c.m. centre (optional creation). In addition to the above mentioned bodies and units, c.m. tasks are implemented by ministers directing the → government administration departments and heads of central offices, within their scope (the principle of continuity). Their duties include the creation of c.m. teams (there are no grounds for considering teams as c.m. bodies). In turn, c.m. centres (organisational units of an “on-duty” nature) are created by ministers and central bodies of government administration, whose scope of activities include issues related to ensuring national security, including civil protection or economic foundations of state security. The GCS is a competent body for other ministers and central bodies of government administration. (→ government administration in exceptional states, local government administration in exceptional states) [M. Brzeziński]
Literature: M. Brzeziński, Zarządzanie kryzysowe jako wyzywanie dla samorządu gminnego [Crisis management as a challenge for the municipal government], [in:] Samorząd terytorialny w Polsce – reforma czy kontynuacja? [Local government in Poland – reform or continuation?], ed. J. Itrich-Drabarek, E. Borowska, A. Morawski, D. Przastek, Warszawa 2015 ■ W. Skomra, Zarządzanie kryzysowe. Praktyczny przewodnik [Crisis management. A practical guide], Wrocław 2016.