Europeanisation of public administration
From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
EUROPEANISATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION – process/phenomenon taking place in the structures of the public administration of the EU member states, which means: 1. the influence of the EU law on the processes of drafting and applying and interpreting national administrative law; 2. changes in the functioning of the public administration in line with the challenges of the process of European integration. E.p.a. occurs on three planes. First, the Europeanisation of standards. It concerns the European model of public administration, based on the foundation of values and rules of the democratic state, going beyond the EU. The main part of these patterns is rooted in the general process of modernization and democratization of public life, but a part directly relates to the processes of European integration; in the EU, basic standards in this area are described, inter alia, in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and included there the → right to good administration, and the European Code of Good Administration. Second, the Europeanization of tasks. Membership in the EU is related to the need to ensure full compatibility between the services and public administration bodies of the country in order to effectively implement actions undertaken within the EU. This includes: the content of the EU laws, the participation of the national administration in the decision-making process in the EU, the cooperation of national administrations in the process of European policy coordination. Thirdly, Europeanisation of organisational, procedural, personnel solutions. The EU law does not regulate the organisation of public administrations of the member states in terms of their structure, tasks or competences. From the treaty’s principle of organisational (institutional) autonomy of the member states it results that decisions in this respect fall within their exclusive competence. However, the indirect impact of the EU law on the system and administrative procedures at national level should be considered significant in practice [ K. Tomaszewski ].
Literature: Administracja publiczna. Wyzwania w dobie integracji europejskiej [Public administration. Challenges in the era of European integration], ed. J. Czaputowicz Warszawa 2008 ■ Europeizacja administracji publicznej [Europeanisation of public administration], ed. I. Lipowicz, Warszawa 2008 ■ J. Supernat, Administracja Unii Europejskiej. Zagadnienia wybrane [The European Union administration. Selected issues], Wrocław 2013.