Government administration in exceptional states
From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN EXCEPTIONAL STATES – in exceptional states (state of national disaster, state of emergency and state of war) the government administration is the most important apparatus of combating exceptional threats. It decides on applying and calling off the exceptional states. It plays the decisive role when they are in force. Local-government administration (→ local-government administration in exceptional states) becomes subordinated to government administration. Government administration’s functioning also changes. It becomes radically subordinated to one-person bodies of government administration, who, while managing the exceptional states, are responsible for the way they are going, their effectiveness and return to the hitherto organisational structures of the country. The solutions used for the government administration in the state of national disaster and the state of emergency are similar (with some differences). However, in the state of war, the functioning of all public authorities can be reorganised, including the government administration. In case the area of direct warfare is established, public authorities can act there according to different rules (lack of details), it is allowed to suspend them and to give some competences of public authority to military authorities (in which the essence of the state of war/martial state is expressed) [ M. Brzeziński ].
Literature: M. Brzeziński, Zasady działania organów władzy publicznej w stanie klęski żywiołowej [Principles of operation of public authorities in the state of natural disaster], [in:] Trzy wymiary współczesnego bezpieczeństwa [Three dimensions of modern security], ed. S. Sulowski, M. Brzeziński, Warszawa 2014 ■ M. Brzeziński, Stany nadzwyczajne w polskich konstytucjach [Extraordinary states in the Polish constitutions], Warszawa 2007.