Model of bureaucracy
From Encyklopedia Administracji Publicznej
MODEL OF BUREAUCRACY – a pattern for organising public administration. During the last century, four models of bureaucracy have developed: Weberian, New Public Management, public co-management and neoweberism (the notion of models of public management is used interchangeably here). The essence of the model of Weberian bureaucracy (→ Weber Max) is a precise division of duties, a formal system of orders and sanctions, division of roles based on specialist competences verified in the course of formalized verification proceedings. In the hierarchical structure of organisational power, the activities of qualified officials are regulated by general, abstract and precisely defined rules. The New Public Management (NPM) model is based on the belief in the validity of introducing the management methods taken from the private sector into the public sector (e.g., management through results, task-based budget, service standards) and marketization of performing public tasks (privatization, executive agencies, contracting, → public-private partnership). The model of public co-management is a reaction to the growing problems of the ungovernability of the modern state and the progressive process of delegitimizing the hierarchical way of coordinating collective actions. Typical for this model are: polycentricity, networking, multilevelness, interactivity, conciliation, participation and shared responsibility. The neoweberian model of public management refers to the Weberian tradition, in particular to those elements that pertain to modern bureaucracy and the methods of its construction. In addition, it refers to the idea of apolitical → civil service. In this model elements of NPM are also visible, including: focus on high-quality public services, care for the economy and efficiency of public tasks (→ New Public Management, co-governance) [ S. Mazur ].
Literature: Neoweberyzm, red. S. Mazur, Warszawa 2016 ■ M. Weber, Gospodarka i społeczeństwo, Warszawa 2002 ■ Współzarządzanie publiczne, red. S. Mazur, Warszawa 2015.